SOME OF THE PRISONERS
CAPTURED: Dunkirk, France
DATE: 9 May 1945
DATE OF BIRTH: 17
PLACE OF BIRTH: Bad Salzuflen
DATE OF DEATH: 30 August 1970
PLACE OF DEATH: Lingen / Ems
OCCUPATION: Naval Officer
NEXT OF KIN:
1 April 1913
zur See: 3 April 1914
zur See: 18 September 1915
zur See: 7 January 1920 (Patenting reserved)
zur See: 14 May 1921 (Patent 7 January 1920)
1 April 1925
1 October 1932
1 October 1936
zur See: 1 July 1938
1 December 1942
30 September 1944
April 1913: Entered the Imperial German Navy as a Sea Cadet.
April 1913-31 March 1914: Initial training and training aboard the protected
cruiser Victoria Louise.
April 1914-1 August 1914: Naval School Mürwick.
August 1914-October 1914: Assigned to the II. Torpedo-Division.
1914-June 1916: Watch Officer aboard the artillery tender Drache.
1916-19 February 1919: Watch Officer in the 18th Torpedo Boat Half Flotilla.
February 1919-6 December 1919: Watch Officer in the Iron Flotilla.
December 1919-30 September 1921: Assigned to the Staff Company of the
III. Marine-Brigade von Loewenfeld then Company Officer in Coast Defense
Battalion I and then Ordnance Officer on the staff of the Commander of
the Baltic Sea Land Forces. [Like other Freikorps units, the III. Marine-Brigade,
commanded by Korvettenkapitän (later Fregattenkapitän) Wilhelm Friedrich
(geb. Wilfried) von Loewenfeld, took part in defeating Communist uprisings
and maintaining law and order throughout Germany in the aftermath of World
October 1921-31 March 1923: Company Officer in Coast Defense Battalion
April 1923-31 March 1924: Watch Officer aboard the pre-dreadnought battleship
April 1924-24 September 1925: Adjutant of the Baltic Sea Ship Cadre Division.
- 25 September 1925-27 September 1927: Commander of the torpedo
boat T 158 in the 2nd Torpedo Boat Half Flotilla.
September 1927-30 September 1929: Third Admiral Staff Officer on the staff
of the North Sea Naval Station.
October 1929-7 October 1931: Detached to the Abwehr (Military Intelligence)
Department/Reich Defense Ministry.
October 1931-28 September 1933: Navigation Officer of the light cruiser
September 1933-27 September 1934: Instructor at the Naval School Mürwick.
September 1934-20 September 1935: Staff Officer on Staff of the Naval
September 1935-4 December 1938: Consultant and then Group Leader in the
Foreign Department and then in the Foreign Office/Abwehr (Military Intelligence)/Reich
War Ministry. [Headed by Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, the Foreign Office/Abwehr
was responsible for armed forces espionage, counterespionage, sabotage
and foreign intelligence.]
December 1938-5 August 1940: Admiral Staff Officer on the staff of the
Kriegsmarine Service Center Hamburg. [Prior to World War II, the four
Kriegsmarinedienststellen, or Navy Service Centers, were located in Bremen,
Hamburg, Stettin and Königsberg. After the outbreak of war, center branches
were established on the German coast and in the occupied territories.
The centers were responsible for providing merchant ships for the naval
war as well as overseeing the supplying, preparation and passage of troop
and supply transports.]
August 1940-15 January 1941: Chief of the Kriegsmarine Service Center
January 1941-15 December 1941: Commandant of Sea Defenses Boulogne, France
and, at the same time, Chief of the Sea Command Center Boulogne.
December 1941-28 October 1944: Commandant of Sea Defenses Pas de Calais,
September 1944-9 May 1945: Fortress Commandant Dunkirk, France. [Upon
the Allied breakout from Normandy, Adolf Hitler ordered the French Atlantic
and Channel coast ports to be held as “fortresses” to deny their use to
the Allies and tie down enemy troops. Although the Canadian 1st Army cleared
the Pas-de-Calais region of France and liberated the Channel ports of
Le Havre, Dieppe, Boulogne, and Calais, the port of Dunkirk proved a much
more stubborn obstacle. In early September 1944, the Anglo-Canadians completed
the landward containment of the German garrison at Dunkirk. Prior to the
containment, the majority of the German 226th Infantry Division had withdrawn
into the Dunkirk perimeter and, along with Kriegsmarine and Army coastal
artillery and other support units formed the heart of the fortress garrison.
Under the command of Vizeadmiral Frisius, Fortress Dunkirk held out isolated
and under siege from the landward side for the rest of the war. On 8-9
October 1944, the Czechoslovak Independent Armored Brigade Group, commanded
by General Alois Liška and subordinated to the 1st Canadian Army, arrived
at the Dunkirk perimeter and took over from the British as the operational
controlling element of the containment forces for the rest of the war.
On 5 April 1945, Frisius launched Operation “Blücher,” a raid in force
against the enemy positions around his perimeter. The raid so surprised
the British command that it blew the bridges over the canals near the
town. Although the Allies counterattacked under heavy air cover, they
failed to dislodge the Germans from their newly established positions.
On 9 May 1945—the formal capitulation of Germany—Vizeadmiral Frisius surrendered
Fortress Dunkirk to General Liška at Wormhoudt.]
May 1945-6 October 1947: Prisoner of war.
Frisius with Großadmiral Karl Dönitz, the Commander-in-Chief of the
Frisius with Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt
Cross in Gold: 16 September 1944, Konteradmiral, Commandant of Sea Defenses
Pas de Calais.
Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
- Cross of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918
- Armed Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
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