SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
of Wolff prominently displaying (from top of pocket) his Golden Party
Badge, Prussian Iron Cross 1st Class (for action in WWI) and the
German National Sports Badge in Silver.
und General der Waffen-SS Karl Friedrich Otto Wolff
RANK: SS-Obergruppenführer und General
CAPTURED: Bolzano, Italy
DATE: 13 May 1945
13 May 1900
PLACE OF BIRTH : Darmstadt, Hessen
: 17 July 1984
PLACE OF DEATH: Rosenheim
NEXT OF KIN:
NSDAP-Number: 695 131 (joined 7 October 1931)
SS-Number: 14 235 (joined 7 October 1931)
- SS-Sturmführer: 18 February 1932
- SS-Sturmhauptführer: 30 January
- SS-Sturmbannführer: 9 November
- SS-Obersturmbannführer: 30 January
- SS-Standartenführer: 20 April
- SS-Oberführer: 4 July 1934
- SS-Brigadeführer: 9 November 1935
- SS-Gruppenführer: 30 January 1937
- Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS:
3 May 1940
- SS-Obergruppenführer und General
der Waffen-SS: 30 January 1942
1917-November 1918: Joined the Army seeing service with Leibgarde-Infanterie-Regiment
(1. Großherzog Hessisches) Nr. 115. Commissioned a Leutnant by the end
of World War I.
- 1919: Freikorps service.
- May 1920: Separated from the Army.
- 1920-1931: Studied law and political
economics; worked as a bank clerk; operated an advertising agency.
- 7 October 1931-September 1932:
Joined the Nazi Party and the SS serving with 2./II./1. SS-Standarte in
- February 1932: Attended the first
SS course at the Reichs Leader School (Reichsführerschule) in München;
commissioned an SS-Sturmführer on 18 February 1932.
- 20 September 1932-March 1933:
Adjutant, II./1. SS-Standarte.
- March 1933-June 1933: Adjutant
to the Reich Commissioner for Bavaria (Generalleutnant Franz Xaver Ritter
- March 1933-8 May 1945: Member
of the Reichstag.
- March 1934-November 1935: Personal
Adjutant to Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler.
- November 1935-June 1939: Himmler's
Chief Adjutant and Chief of Himmler's Personal Staff.
- 18 June 1939-May 1945: Chief of
Staff, Main Office Personal Staff "Reichsführer-SS" (a deputy stood in
for Wolff after February 1943).
- August 1939-February 1943: Waffen-SS
Liaison Officer on Adolf Hitler's military headquarters staff.
Keitel, Schaub (26 June 1942)
- 18 February 1943-23 September
1943: Higher SS and Police Leader "Oberitalien West."
- February 1943-October 1943: Military
Governor for northern Italy.
- 23 September 1943-May 1945: Supreme
SS and Police Leader "Italien" (Headquarters in Rome, Verona, and, ultimately,
Bolzano) and plenipotentiary for Benito Mussolini, head of the Italian
- 1 August 1944-May 1945: Official
representative of the German Armed Forces in Italy.
depicts Karl Wolff (front row on left) with Marshal of
Italy Rudolfo Graziani (next to Wolff), the Minister of Defence
of the Italian Social Republic (1943-1945) at a military review
in Italy, late 1944.
of Karl Wolff pictured here as a guard of honour (centre - at attention
with sword) at the funeral of SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard
Heydrich, Chief of the Security Police and Acting Reichs Protector
of Bohemia and Moravia. Heydrich died on 4 June 1942 from wounds
received during an assassination attempt made by British-trained
Czech commandoes in Prague on 27 May 1942.
Note the SS-Sturmbannführer
holding Heydrich's "Ordenskissen" or Orders Pillow.
This was a traditional touch at German military funerals whereby
the person's decorations and medals were displayed on a
black pillow for all to see.
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