SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
special thanks to Phil Nix for kindly sharing his excellent research work
on this officer.
und Generalmajor der Polizei Friedrich Hermann Franz
PW NO: 560407
RANK: SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei
DATE: 25 September 1945
OF BIRTH: 16 August 1891
PLACE OF BIRTH: Leipzig-Stötteritz/Saxony
DATE OF DEATH: 18 February 1960
PLACE OF DEATH:
RELIGION: “gottgläubig” (“believer in God”)
OCCUPATION: Police Officer
HEIGHT: 5’ 10.5”
WEIGHT: 180 lbs.
HAIR COLOUR: Grey
EYE COLOUR: Brown
NSDAP-NUMBER: 824,526 (Joined 1 December 1931)
SS-NUMBER: 361,279 (Joined 1 August 1940)
NEXT OF KIN: Frida Franz, Bad Wiessee (U.S. Zone)
Wife: Married Frida Schneider on 18 December 1917 – no children.
27 January 1911
der Schutzpolizei: 1 December 1920
der Schutzpolizei: 1 December 1923
der Schutzpolizei: 1 June 1933
der Schutzpolizei: 1 December 1933
der Schutzpolizei: 20 April 1938
der Schutzpolizei: 1 August 1940
1 August 1940 (entered the SS at this rank)
1 April 1941
21 December 1943
der Polizei: 14 September 1944 – with seniority from 21 June 1943
9 November 1944 – with seniority from 14 September 1944
Attended Bürgerschule (Civic School) in Leipzig and Dresden.
April 1909: Attended the Unteroffiziervorschule (Non-Commissioned Officer
Preparatory School) in Struppen.
- 1 April
1909-31 March 1911: Attended the Unteroffiziervorschule in Marienburg.
March 1911-Spring 1919: Upon graduation, entered the Army as an Unteroffizier
in the Royal Saxon 9. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.133. During World War I, Franz
served with his regiment on the Western Front from 9 August 1914-November
1919-8 January 1920: Assigned to the staff of the Archive Command in Zwickau
and Branch of the War Archive in Dresden.
- 8 January
1920: Separated from the Army and joined the Saxon Landespolizei [State Police].
- 8 January
1920-1 December 1920: Attended the First Officer Course of the Schutzpolizei
[Protection Police] in Dresden.
- 1 December
1920-November 1921: Member of the Schutzpolizei in Plauen.
1921-1 January 1923: Training Consultant in the Police Office of Zwickau.
- 1 January
1923-16 April 1923: Leader of the Schutzpolizei Command Post in Plauen.
April 1923-7 July 1923: Attended the Officer Advanced Training Course in Leipzig.
- 7 July
1923-25 March 1925: Leader of Weapons and Physical Training at the Plauen
March 1925-January 1926: Course attendance at the Higher Police School in
Eiche at Potsdam.
1926-8 March 1933: Adjutant of the Commander of the Frontier Customs Service
- 8 March
1933-1 June 1933: Temporary Police Director of Plauen in Vogtland.
- 1 June
1933-16 May 1938: Police Director of Plauen in Vogtland.
- 1 May
1933-1 August 1940: Served in the Hitler Youth as a Bannführer and Oberbannführer.
- 1 September
1938-6 December 1938: Commander of the Police Training District in Dresden
October 1938-15 December 1939: Transferred to the Ordnungspolizei (Orpo) [Order
Police] Main Office in Berlin.
- 6 September
1939-20 October 1939: At the same time, Staff Officer for Ordnungspolizei
(Orpo) with the 8th Army in Poland.
December 1939-July 1941: Commander of the Police Training Battalion in Dresden
- 1 August
1940: Left the Hitler Youth and joined the SS with the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer.
- 1 August
1940-1 January 1941: Leader in Stammabteilung Bezirk 46 of the SS-Oberabschnitt
[Main District] “Elbe.”
- 1 January
1941-15 March 1941: Leader in Stammabteilung Bezirk 1 of the SS-Oberabschnitt
March 1941-8 May 1945: Leader on the Staff of the SS Personnel Office.
1941-9 July 1942: Commander of Polizei-Regiment “Süd” on the Eastern Front.
[Composed of Police Battalions 45, 303 and 314 plus two armored car and two
antitank platoons, the regiment operated in the rear area of Army Group South
following the launch of Operation “Barbarossa” on 22 June 1941. The Ordungspolizei,
including Polizei-Regiment “Süd,” assigned to pacify the occupied areas in
the wake of the German field armies were involved in the mass murder of Russian
Jews and political functionaries from virtually the outset of the campaign.
In his book Ordinary Men: Reserve Police
Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland, author Christopher R.
Browning cites daily reports submitted by SS‑Obergruppenführer und General
der Polizei Friedrich Jeckeln, the Higher SS and Police Leader “Russia South,”
that catalogued the killing of over 11,000 Jews at the hands of Polizei-Regiment
“Süd” during the period of 19 August-12 September 1941 alone. Additionally,
elements of the regiment assisted Sonderkommando
4a of Einsatzgruppe C perpetrate the mass shooting of 33,771 Jews from
Kiev in the Babi Yar ravine, 29-30 September 1941.]
- 9 July
1942-August 1943: Commander of Polizei-Regiment 18; redesignated SS-Polizei-Regiment
18 on 24 February 1943; redesignated SS-Polizei-Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 18 on
23 May 1943. [After anti-partisan duty in Slovenia, the regiment (three police
battalions and a police mountain artillery battalion with 75mm pieces) transferred
to Finland in December 1942 where it served under General der Infanterie (later
General der Gebirgstruppe) Franz Böhme’s XVIII Mountain Army Corps. In July
1943, the regiment returned to Germany and transferred to Greece the following
month. Members of the regiment wore the distinctive Edelweiss badge of the
German mountain troops on their lower left sleeve, the only Police regiment
allowed this distinction.]
1943-7 February 1945: Commander of the Ordnungspolizei (Orpo) in Greece (headquarters
September 1944-18 November 1944: Delegated with the post of Higher SS and
Police Leader “Greece” as a substitute for SS-Standartenführer und Oberst
der Polizei Walter Blume, the Commander of the Security Police and Security
Service (SD) in Greece.
- 7 February
1945-8 May 1945: Commander of the Ordnungspolizei (Orpo) in Norway (headquarters
September 1945-Circa 1947: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
January 1946: Transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp 1.
November 1947: Transferred to the Civil Internment Camp (CIC) Adelheide.
Posthumous publication of the regimental history Gebirgsjäger
der Polizei: Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 18 und Polizei-Gebirgs-Artellerieabteilungen
Cross, 1st Class (1939)
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Clasp
Merit Cross, 1st Class with Swords
Merit Cross, 2nd Class with Swords
for the Winter Campaign in Russia 1941/1942 (“East Medal”)
Honor Cross with Swords
Friedrich August Medal in Silver
of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918
Medal on Ribbon
Long Service Award, 2nd Class (18-year Service Cross): 26 September 1938.
Medal of 1 October 1938: 5 July 1939.
War Commemorative Medal with Swords
Badge in Black – World War I award
National Sports Badge in Gold
Sports Badge in Bronze
[Death’s Head] Ring of the SS
John R. & Taylor, Hugh Page. Uniforms,
Organization & History of the German Police, Volume 1. R. James
Bender Publishing, San Jose, California, 2004 (1st Edition).
Christopher R. Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101
and the Final Solution in Poland. HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., New
York, New York, 1992.
Ernst; Dressen, Willi; Riess, Volker (editors). “The
Good Old Days”: The Holocaust as Seen by Its Perpetrators and Bystanders.
Deborah Burnstone, translator. Konecky & Konecky, New York, New York,