SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
12th September 1945
DATE OF BIRTH:
16 January 1897
PLACE OF BIRTH:
Bromberg / West Prussia
DATE OF DEATH:
9 March 1976
PLACE OF DEATH: Neunkirchen-Seelscheid / Nordrhein-Wesfalen
NEXT OF KIN:
Elisabeth Hartmann, (British
Volunteer: 2 October 1915
zur See: 13 July 1916
zur See: 13 December 1917
zur See: 10 January 1921 (Patenting reserved)
zur See: 6 March 1922 (Patent 10 January 1921)
1 October 1928
1 April 1935
1 July 1938
zur See: 1 January 1940
1 June 1943
Commands & Assignments:
October 1915: Entered the Imperial German Navy as a War Volunteer with the
expectation of a career as a Sea Officer.
October 1915-9 November 1915: Naval School Mürwick.
November 1915-5 February 1916: Training aboard the protected cruiser Freya.
February 1916-9 July 1916: Assigned to the battleship Thüringen.
[Assigned to the I Battle Squadron of the I Division, the battleship Thüringen
took part in the epic Battle of Jutland against the British Grand Fleet,
31 May-1 June 1916. The ship did not suffer any battle damage or casualties.]
July 1916-15 May 1917: Course attendance.
May 1917-27 January 1918: Watch Officer in the School Half Flotilla.
January 1918-31 May 1918: Watch Officer aboard the torpedo boat V 83
in the 13th Torpedo Boat Half Flotilla.
June 1918-21 June 1919: Watch Officer aboard the torpedo boat S 65
in the 13th Torpedo Boat Half Flotilla. [In accordance with the
terms of the Armistice that ended World War I, the Allies required Germany
to intern the bulk of its High Seas Fleet until the formal peace agreement
could be signed. From 19-27 November 1918, Konteradmiral Ludwig von Reuter
led the cream of the High Seas Fleet into internment at Scapa Flow in the
Orkney Islands. All told, 11 battleships, five battlecruisers, eight light
cruisers and 50 torpedo boats (including Hartmann’s S 65) were eventually
interned there. Disarmed and manned by skeleton crews, the German Internment
Formation remained idle for the next seven months while awaiting news of
In this painting by Bernard F. Gribble, the battlecruiser
Seydlitz leads the Imperial German High Seas Fleet into internment
on 21 November 1918. U.S. Navy Vice Admiral William F. Sims (second from
left) and Rear Admiral Hugh Rodman (far left) view the historic moment
from the deck of the American battleship U.S.S. Texas, which was
on detached duty with the British Grand Fleet.
I love this painting! It really captures the moment when
the second most powerful navy in the world gives up with a whimper and not a
bang! I've (Shawn Bohannon) actually stood on that exact spot on the U.S.S.
Texas depicted in this painting. The Texas is preserved as a memorial ship outside
Houston, Texas at the San Jacinto Battleground Park. She's the world's only
surviving example of a World War I-era dreadnought battleship. The Texas also
saw extensive service in World War II and, while engaging in a duel with a German
coastal defense gun, was hit twice by heavy shells during the D-Day Normandy
landings on 6 June 1944.
1918-21 June 1919: At the same time, delegated with the post of Commander
of the torpedo boat S 65.
June 1919-3 February 1920: Prisoner of war in the United Kingdom after the
scuttling of the High Seas Fleet in Scapa Flow. [On 21 June 1919, the expiration
of the Armistice, Konteradmiral von Reuter feared the British would seize
his ships (as authorized by the Allies) and so ordered the code “Paragraph
Eleven. Confirm.” signaled to all ships. This message referred to an order
von Reuter previously issued to all captains to scuttle their ships if it
appeared a British seizure was imminent. Rather than lose their splendid
ships to the enemy, the German crews opened the seacocks and sent the High
Seas Fleet to the bottom of Scapa Flow and into history. Unbeknownst to
von Reuter, his Government had accepted the terms of the Versailles Treaty
(which required Germany to permanently surrender its fleet) and the Armistice
deadline had been extended to 23 June 1919 at any rate.]
February 1920-28 June 1920: At the disposal of the Commandant of Kiel.
June 1920-1 October 1920: Watch Officer aboard the mine steamship Pelikan.
October 1920-14 February 1923: Adjutant and Watch Officer aboard the torpedo
boats T 158, G 11 and G 10 in the I. Flotilla.
February 1923-19 September 1924: Transferred to the Naval Signals Detachment
September 1924-27 September 1926: Naval Signals Officer Swinemünde and Stolpmünde.
September 1926-27 September 1928: Torpedo Boat Commander in the 4th
Torpedo Boat Half Flotilla.
September 1928-28 April 1930: Company Leader in the IV. Naval Artillery
April 1930-2 October 1931: Company Leader in the III. Naval Artillery Battalion.
June 1931-30 June 1931: At the same time, delegated with leadership of the
III. Naval Artillery Battalion.
October 1931-28 September 1933: At the disposal of the Inspectorate of Navy
Educational Matters (Leader Assistant training).
September 1933-24 September 1934: First Artillery Officer aboard the pre-dreadnought
September 193426 September 1935: Artillery Officer aboard the light cruiser
October 1935-26 February 1937: Destroyer building indoctrination at the
Kiel Naval Arsenal.
February 1937-18 May 1938: Commander of the destroyer Georg Thiele (Z.2).
May 1938-28 August 1938: At the disposal of the Leader of Torpedo Boats.
August 1938-30 November 1939: Chief of the 5th Destroyer Division.
December 1939-4 April 1940: First Staff Officer on the staff of the Commander
of Armored Ships.
April 1940-19 June 1940: Chief of Staff of the Naval Commander Southern
June 1940-3 December 1941: First Staff Officer on the staff of the Commanding
Admiral Norway (Admiral Hermann Boehm).
December 1941-9 September 1942: Leader of the 3rd Escort Division.
September 1942-15 November 1942: At the disposal of the Commander of Cruisers.
November 1942-1 February 1943: Commander of the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper.
[On 30 December 1942, the Admiral Hipper (with
Admiral Oskar Kummetz aboard), the heavy cruiser Lützow and the destroyers
Richard Beitzen, Theodor Riedel, Friedrich Eckoldt,
Z 24, Z 30 and Z31, sortied from Alten Fjord, Norway
to attack Convoy JW-51B. On 31 December 1942, during an action known as
the Battle of the Barents Sea, the Admiral Hipper sank the minesweeper
HMS Bramble and damaged the destroyers HMS Onslow and HMS
Achates (which later sank). However, the Germans aborted their attack
when the British light cruisers HMS Sheffield and HMS Jamaica
arrived on scene and scored three severe hits on the Admiral Hipper (she
was never fully repaired). During the battle, the British cruisers sank
the Friedrich Eckoldt. When Hitler learned an inferior British force
had driven the German ships off, he flew into a rage and ordered all of
the heavy ships of the Kriegsmarine to
be scrapped and their guns mounted ashore as coastal batteries. Großadmiral
Erich Raeder, Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine, resigned in
protest but his successor, Großadmiral Karl Dönitz, persuaded Hitler to
preserve the surface fleet.]
February 1943-15 March 1943: Chief of the Military Office Group in the Warship
Construction Office of the Navy High Command.
March 1943-6 June 1943: Chief of Staff of the Fleet Command.
June 1943-14 March 1944: Special Representative to the Commander-in-Chief
of the Navy for the saving of redundant navy personnel.
March 1944-16 October 1944: Commandant of Sea Defenses Attica, Greece [the
region around Athens].
November 194430 January 1945: Commander of the 1. Marine-Schützen-Brigade
[Naval Rifle Brigade].
January 1945-28 February 1945: Commander of the 1. Marine-Infanterie-Division
[Naval Infantry Division] on the Eastern Front, Army Group Weichsal.
March 1945-24 March 1945: Special Representative to the Commander-in-Chief
of the Navy for the saving of redundant navy personnel
April 1945-31 August 1945: Commandant of Sea Defenses Oslo Fjord, Norway.
August 1945-19 May 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 9th January 1946
transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp 1
- 12th May 1948 transferred
to Camp 186 fo repatriation.
Decorations & Awards (included):
Cross in Gold: 18 August 1942, Kapitän zur See, Leader of the 3rd
Cross, 1st Class (1939)
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
- Cross of Honor for
- Armed Forces Long
Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
- Armed Forces Long
Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)