SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
NAME: Generalmajor Walther Wadehn
UnknownDATE: 15 May 1945
OF BIRTH: 1 August 1896
PLACE OF BIRTH: Wilhelmshaven
DATE OF DEATH: 13 July 1949
PLACE OF DEATH: Hannover
ProtestantOCCUPATION: Regular Air Force Officer
HAIR COLOUR: Dark Blonde
Grey - blue NEXT OF KIN:
Hannover (Kirchrode), (British Zone)
Volunteer: 1 September 1914
9 January 1915
17 March 1915
2 September 1915
20 October 1915
als Oberleutnant: 31 December 1920
9 October 1934
1 August 1937
1 April 1941
1 September 1942
1 September 1943 – RDA 1 March 1944 (10)
Commands & Assignments:
September 1914-22 November 1914: Entered the Army as a War Volunteer in
the Schleswig-Holsteinisches Train-Bataillon Nr.9.
November 1914-14 June 1915: Assigned to Supply Columns 1 and 4 of the
IX Army Corps.
June 1915-9 July 1915: Transferred to the Replacement Battalion of Train
July 1915-16 October 1915: Fahnenjunker in Supply Column 4.
October 1915-13 February 1916: Ordonnanz-Offizier on Staff “Jansen.”
February 1916-17 May 1916: Assigned to the Haulage Park Column 6.
May 1916-6 July 1916: Assigned to Supply Column 4 of the IX Army Corps.
July 1916-1 December 1916: Assigned to the Medical Column of the IX Army
December 1916-16 February 1917: Detached to Army Air Park 6.
February 1917-15 May 1917: Aerial observer training with Fliegerersatz-Abteilung
[Flying Replacement Detachment] 1 and at the Officers Radio Telegraph
Instruction Detachment in Warsaw.
May 1917-15 July 1917: Training at the Artillery Observer School at Jüterbog.
July 1917-8 August 1917: Training with Fliegerersatz-Abteilung 1.
August 1917-30 October 1917: Detached to Army Air Park 1.
October 1917-25 September 1918: Aerial Observer in Flieger-Abteilung [Flying
Detachment] A 272.
September 1918-11 November 1918: Detached to Army Air Park 1.
November 1918-1 January 1919: Demobilization with Flieger-Abteilung 1,
January 1919-July 1919: Aerial Observer in Kampfgeschwader [Combat Wing]
Sachsenberg. [Deployed to Courland in Latvia to fight against Bolshevik
domination of the newly independent Baltic States, the wing was named
for its commander, Leutnant zur See Gotthard Sachsenberg. Holder of the
Prussian Pour le Mérite Order and with 31 aerial victories to his credit,
Sachsenberg was Germany’s second highest scoring naval pilot of World
War I. Two other Pour le Mérite holders served in Geschwader Sachsenberg:
Leutnant der Reserve der Matrosen-Artillerie Theodor “Theo” Osterkamp,
future Generalleutnant in the Luftwaffe and the top scoring First World
War naval pilot with 32 victories, and 47-victory ace Leutnant Josef Jacobs.]
1919-May 1920: Ordonnanz-Offizier on the staff of Transport Battalion
1920-31 December 1920: Ordonnanz-Offizier on the staff of Transport Battalion
December 1920: Separated from the Army with the honorary rank of Charakter
September 1934: Entered the Luftwaffe with the rank of Hauptmann.
September 1934-30 September 1934: Detached to the German Air Traffic School
October 1934-30 November 1934: Detached to the Lechfeld Combat Flight
December 1934-19 January 1936: Instructor at the Jüterbog Combat Flight
January 1936-31 March 1936: Detached to the Tutow Combat Flight School.
April 1936-31 October 1936: Instructor in the Jüterbog Flight Demonstration
November 1936-31 October 1938: Instructor in the Oldenburg Flight Demonstration
November 1938-31 January 1939: Instructor at the Lechfeld Large Combat
February 1939-12 September 1939: Staffelkapitän [Squadron Commander] in
Kampfgeschwader [Bomber Wing] 255.
September 1939-15 December 1939: Commander of the III. Group of Kampfgeschwader
77. [Major Wadehn succeeded Charakter als Generalmajor Wolf von Stutterheim
as commander of the III. Group when that officer was elevated to command
of the wing.
Equipped with Dornier Do 17 bombers, the group took part in the invasion
of Poland in September 1939 attacking primarily airfields, ammunition
dumps, troop concentrations and targets of opportunity]
December 1939-4 March 1942: Commander of Acceptance Office 2 for Luftwaffe
March 1942-21 June 1942: Delegated with the leadership of Flying Training
may 1942-24 September 1942: Commander of Flying Training Regiment 27.
September 1942-4 November 1943: Delegated with the leadership of the 10th
Luftwaffe Field Division. [Deployed to northern Russia in December 1942,
the 9th and 10th Luftwaffe Field Divisions, both initially assigned to
the 18th Army’s L Army Corps and then to General der Flakartillerie Job
Odebrecht’s III Luftwaffe Field Corps, maintained a defensive watch over
the Soviet troops isolated in the Oranienbaum pocket on the Gulf of Finland.
Shortly after the transfer of the Luftwaffe field divisions to Army control
on 1 November 1943, Wadehn relinquished command of the division to Generalmajor
Hermann von Wedel and passed into reserve status.]
November 1943-1 September 1944: Luftwaffe High Command Leader Reserve.
September 1944-5 January 1945: Commander of the 3rd Fallschirmjäger-Division
on the Western Front. [Virtually destroyed in Normandy, the 3rd Fallschirmjäger-Division
was rebuilt in the Netherlands mainly from inexperienced rear echelon
Luftwaffe ground troops. Subordinated to the I SS-Panzer Corps, the division
took part in the German Ardennes Offensive launched on 16 December 1944.
Attacking on the extreme left wing of the 6th (SS) Panzer Army, Generalmajor
Wadehn’s division had the mission of dislodging the U.S. 14th Cavalry
Group from Manderfeld, advancing on Holzheim and opening up Rollbahn (March
Route) E for follow-up exploitation by Battle Groups “Hansen” and “Knittel”
of the 1st SS-Panzer Division “Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler.” Initially
stalled by German minefields to its front, the 3rd Fallschirmjäger-Division
finally pushed through the U.S. cavalry screen capturing Holzheim, Manderfeld
and Lanzerath within 24 hours. Shortly thereafter, Battle Group “Peiper”
of the 1st SS-Panzer Division angled south to exploit the breach created
by the capture of Lanzerath. The I. Battalion of Fallschirmjäger-Regiment
9 was temporarily attached to SS-Obersturmbannführer Joachim Peiper’s
battle group to escort his tanks through the forests beyond Lanzerath.
With the failure of the 6th (SS) Panzer Army to achieve success on the
northern wing of the offensive, Generalmajor Wadehn’s division passed
to control of the LXVII Army Corps under the 15th Army. As Germany’s last
major offensive in the west petered out, Wadehn relinquished divisional
to Generalleutnant Dipl. Ing. Richard Schimpf and reported for his next
January 1945-14 January 1945: Delegated with raising the 8th Fallschirmjäger-Division.
January 1945-5 May 1945: Commander of the 8th Fallschirmjäger-Division
on the Western Front. [Formed at Köln-Wahn with Fallschirmjäger-Regiments
22, 24 and 32, the division was assigned to General der Fallschirmtruppe
Eugen Meindl’s II. Fallschirm-Korps of the 1. Fallschirm-Armee holding
the northern Rhineland. Heavily engaged against the Canadian First Army
during its offensive against the German forces between the Maas and Rhine
Rivers (Operations Veritable and Blockbuster), the battered 8th Fallschirmjäger-Division withdrew
to the east bank of the Rhine in early March 1945.
The remnants of the division finally passed into British captivity upon
the German surrender in northwest Germany, the Netherlands, Schleswig-Holstein,
and Denmark on 15 May 1945.]
May 1945-February 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 16 July 1947
transferred from Camp 18 to Island Farm Special Camp 11
- 10 February
1948 transferred to Camp 186 for repatriation.
Decorations & Awards:
Generalmajor Walther Wadehn separated from the Army in 1920, he does not
appear in the interwar German Army Rank Lists that included officer decorations.
Consequently, it is unknown what decorations he received during World War
I. Likewise, his World War II decorations, if any, are not known. However, he was not a recipient
of any high decorations such as the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, Knight’s
Cross of the War Merit Cross with Swords, or the German Cross in Gold/Silver.
The hosts would welcome any information regarding the decorations held
by this officer.
Karl-Friedrich. Die Generale der Deutschen Luftwaffe, 1935-1945, Band
3 (Odebrecht-Zoch). Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück, Germany, 1992.
Antonio J. Göring’s Grenadiers: The Luftwaffe Field
Divisions, 1942-1945. Axis Europa Books, Bayside, New York, 2002.
Neal W. Aviation Awards of Imperial Germany in World War I and the Men
Who Earned Them – Volume V: Aviation Awards of the Eight Thuringian States
and the Duchy of Anhalt. Foundation of Aviation World War I, Princeton,
New Jersey & Flying Machines Press, Stratford, Connecticut, 1998.
Ralf. The Leibstandarte IV/2. Frederick
Steinhardt, translator. J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, Winnipeg, Canada, 1998.
Army Kriegsgliederung (Order of Battle), 1 September 1939-30 April 1945.
 On 15 June 1940, Charakter als Generalmajor
von Stutterheim was severely wounded in aerial combat over France while
commanding Kampfgeschwader 77. He died from his wounds in a Berlin hospital
on 3 December 1940. He received the Prussian Pour le Mérite Order in World
War I while serving as the Regimental Adjutant of Kaiser-Alexander-Garde-Grenadier
Regiment Nr.1 on the Western Front.
 At least one company of the I. Battalion
of Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 9 remained with Battle Group “Peiper” and
took part in the capture of Stoumont on 19 December 1944. Surrounded by
the Americans in a pocket anchored on the towns of Stoumont, Cheneux and
La Gleize, Peiper’s battle group finally withdrew into a single position
at La Gleize on 21 December 1944. In the early morning hours of December
24th, Peiper’s troops broke out from the town on foot after abandoning
their remaining tanks, vehicles and heavy weapons. On the afternoon of
Christmas Day, the 770 survivors of Battle Group “Peiper” reached the
 On 20 August 1944, Generalleutnant Dipl.
Ing. Schimpf, the original commander of the 3rd Fallschirmjäger Division,
was severely wounded in the leg during the breakout from the Falaise Pocket.
He remained hospitalized and in convalescence until 6 January 1945 when
he resumed command of the division. Schimpf was later held as a prisoner
of war at Island Farm Special Camp 11.
 For further details on the II. Fallschirm-Korps
and the 1. Fallschirm-Armee during Operations Veritable and Blockbuster, please refer to the profiles of General der Fallschirmtruppe
Eugen Meindl and General der Fallschirmtruppe Alfred Schlemm, both hosted
on this site.