OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
this pre-World War II photograph, Stenglein is wearing the special black
panzer uniform with full military decorations, the panzer beret and
the parade dress belt. The large wool beret was merely a decorative
cover for a well-padded crash helmet. The wear of the black panzer beret
was formally discontinued on 15 January 1941.
profile is based on a copy of Generalmajor Dipl. Ing. Stenglein’s microfilmed
service record housed at the United States National Archives and Records
Administration in Washington, D.C.
Dipl. Ing. Hans Stenglein
PW NO: 560278
CAPTURED: Lillehammer, Norway
DATE: 8 May 1945
OF BIRTH: 20 February 1895
OF BIRTH: Ingolstadt/Bayern
DATE OF DEATH:
PLACE OF DEATH:
OCCUPATION: Regular Soldier
HEIGHT: 5’ 5”
WEIGHT: 132 Pounds
HAIR COLOUR: Dark Brown
EYE COLOUR: Blue
NEXT OF KIN:
Parents: Hans and Luisa Stenglein, died 5 August 1929 and 4 July 1919
respectively in München.
Volunteer: 4 August 1914
19 December 1914
1 January 1915
12 March 1915
2 June 1915 (without Patent)
9 October 1917 – Patent 15 November 1913 (6); Patent later changed to 1 April
1 October 1923 (10)
1 May 1928 (4)
1 March 1935 (4)
1 January 1938 (13)
1 November 1940 (8) – RDA later changed to 1 April 1940 (28a)
1 April 1944 (2)
Commands & Assignments:
Attended the Humanist-Gymnasium (High School) in Ingolstadt.
1914: Attended the Humanist Ludwigs-Gymnasium in München; attained his certificate
of graduation from that institution.
August 1914: Entered the Royal Bavarian Army as a War Volunteer in the Replacement
Battalion of the Bavarian 1. Fußartillerie-Regiment vakant Bothmer.
November 1914: In the field with the 4th Battery of the Bavarian 1st Foot
December 1914: Named a Fahnenjunker in the Replacement Battalion of the Bavarian
1st Pioneer Battalion.
February 1915: In the field with the Bavarian 2nd Field Pioneer Company.
November 1915: Transferred to the Bavarian 1st Field Pioneer Company.
December 1915: Transferred to the Mortar Replacement Battalion.
February 1916: Leader of Bavarian Mortar Platoon 401 at the Mortar Park in
March 1916: In the field with Mortar Company 5.
August 1917: Detached as an Aide Officer to the staff of the Bavarian 3rd
November 1917: Adjutant of the Bavarian 3rd Pioneer Battalion.
March 1918: Leader of Bavarian Mortar Company 208.
September 1918: Leader of the Mortar Company of the Bavarian 23rd Reserve
September 1918-13 November 1918: Detached to the staff of the Bavarian 20th
September 1918-4 October 1918: At the same time, detached to the Troop Photography
Officer Course at Staff Photography Detachment I Rethel.
January 1919: Adjutant of the Bavarian Mortar Replacement Battalion München.
May 1919: Entered the Bavarian Mortar Volunteer Battalion “Will.” [While serving
in this battalion and later in the Bavarian Schützenkorps, Stenglein took
part in the suppression of the Communist uprisings in München, 5 May 1919-15
May 1919: Entered the Mortar Battery of the Bavarian Schützenkorps [Rifle
November 1919: Transferred to the staff of Signals Battalion 21.
June 1920: Adjutant of Signals Battalion 21.
October 1920: Transferred to the 7th (Bavarian) Pioneer Battalion upon the formation of the new Reichsheer from the Übergangsheer or
February 1921-20 February 1921: Detached to the 7th (Bavarian) Signals Battalion
for training as a Signals Officer.
February 1921-6 March 1921: Detached to the State Railway (Weilheim Station)
for training in Railway Operating Services.
March 1921-7 May 1921: Detached to the 7th (Bavarian) Signals Battalion for
training as a Signals Officer. [Took part in the suppression of civil disturbances
in central Germany, 4-6 April 1921.]
October 1921: Transferred to the 7th (Bavarian) Artillery Regiment and detached
to the 7th (Bavarian) Pioneer Battalion.
November 1921: Detached to the 1st Company of the 7th (Bavarian) Motorized
April 1922: Company Officer in the 1st Company of the 7th (Bavarian) Motorized
Battalion. [Took part in the suppression of the Nazi uprising (Adolf Hitler’s
“Beer Hall Putsch”) in München, 8-23 November 1923.]
September 1922: Detached to the Infantry School.
March 1924-21 March 1924: Detached to the 7th Course at the Gas Protection
School in Berlin.
September 1924-15 October 1924: Detached to a Machinegun Course at the Grafenwöhr
Troop Training Area.
December 1924: Transferred to the 7th (Bavarian) Medical Battalion.
April 1926-5 August 1926: Detached to the 3rd Motorized Course with the 3rd
(Prussian) Motorized Battalion.
May 1926: Transferred to the 7th (Bavarian) Motorized Battalion.
April 1928: Transferred to the 7th (Bavarian) Artillery Regiment and detached
to the München Technical College with duties determined by the Army Weapons
April 1933-31 March 1934: In addition to detached service at the München Technical
College, detached to the Reich Defense Ministry with duties determined by
the Army Weapons Office.
October 1933: Granted the title of Academically Certified Engineer (Dipl.
April 1934: Transferred to the 7th (Bavarian) Motorized Battalion.
October 1934: Chief of the 2nd Company of Motorized Battalion “Straubing.”
April 1935: Transferred to Office Group 6 for Development and Testing (Wa
Prüf 6) of the Army Weapons Office/Reich Defense Ministry; renamed the Reich
War Ministry on 21 May 1935.
November 1938: Detached to the Formation Staff of Panzer Regiment 35.
November 1938-1 September 1939: Commander of the I. Battalion of Panzer Regiment
35 (Oberstleutnant Heinrich Eberbach) of the 4th Panzer Division (Generalmajor
September 1939: Severely wounded at Mokra, Poland/in hospital. [The 4th Panzer
Division took part in the invasion of Poland as a component of General der
Infanterie Gustav von Wietersheim’s XIV Army Corps (Motorized). Oberstleutnant
Stenglein received a lung wound on the very first day of World War II while
leading his panzer battalion in the attack on Mokra. Hauptmann Meinrad von
Lauchert, Chief of the battalion’s 2nd Company, succeeded Stenglein as battalion
commander. Later achieving the rank of Generalmajor, von Lauchert is perhaps
best remembered for commanding the 2nd Panzer Division during the German Ardennes
Offensive in December 1944.]
March 1940: Transferred to Panzer Replacement Battalion 35.
June 1940: Detached to Army High Command Leader Reserve in Army Group B. [Commanded
by Generaloberst (later Generalfeldmarschall) Fedor von Bock, Army Group B
was one of the three German army groups that took part in the invasion of
the Low Countries and France in May-June 1940.]
July 1940-30 September 1940: Detached to Office Group
6 for Development and Testing (Wa Prüf 6) of the Army Weapons Office/Army High Command.
October 1940-17 July 1941: Commander of Panzer Regiment 29 of the 12th Panzer
Division. [Commanded by Generalleutnant Josef Harpe, the 12th Panzer Division
took part in the invasion of the Soviet Union from 22 June 1941 as a component
of Generaloberst Hermann Hoth’s Panzer Group 3. The division saw heavy combat
during the large-scale encirclement battles at Minsk and Smolensk in July
July 1941: Transferred to Leader Reserve in Army Group Center for employment
as a panzer regiment commander.
July 1941: Transferred to Leader Reserve in Army Group North for employment
as a panzer regiment commander.
August 1941: Transferred to Army High Command Leader Reserve – duties determined
by the Commander of the 11th Army (Generaloberst Eugen
Ritter von Schobert and then General der Infanterie Erich von Lewenski genannt von Manstein
from 13 September 1941).
September 1941-4 February 1942: Transferred to Leader Reserve in Army Group
South for employment as a panzer regiment commander.
- 4 February
1942-1 December 1944: Staff Officer for Tank Warfare in the General Staff
of the Army High Command Norway (Generaloberst Nikolaus von Falkenhorst).
[An officer evaluation dated 31 March 1944 prepared by Generalleutnant Rudolf
Bamler, the Chief of the General Staff of the Army High Command Norway, and
endorsed by Generaloberst von Falkenhorst, described Stenglein’s professional
qualifications and duties: Firm, calm, reserved
personality of determined and constant work methods. Earned special
merit for his energetic support in the organization of tank defenses in the
far coastal regions and in building the alternating tank units in Norway.
Combines frontline experiences from action in the east [Russia] with rich technical
knowledge. Performs satisfactorily as the Army Staff Officer for Tank Warfare (Stopak). Note:
Fearing an Allied invasion of Norway and Sweden, Adolf Hitler directed the
strengthening of German coastal defenses and troop levels in Norway throughout
1942 and 1943. Although not “tank country,” the newly formed and under strength
25th Panzer Division commanded by Generalleutnant Johannes Haarde was transferred
to Norway in March 1942. In his capacity as the Staff Officer for Tank Warfare, Stenglein assisted in the building up and training of the 25th Panzer
Division for employment in the defense of Norway. The division also played
a key role in an operational study prepared by Generalleutnant Adolf von Schell
(commander of the 25th Panzer Division since 1 January 1943) that examined
the possibility of a German invasion and occupation of southern Sweden in
the event of an Allied move on that country via Norway. By July 1943, the
strength of the 25th Panzer Division totaled 21,000 men, 157 tanks (14 PzKpfw
II, 62 PzKpfw III, 26 PzKpfw IV and 40 French Hotchkiss H39 and 15 Somua S35
“booty” tanks) and 15 self-propelled assault guns. With the Allied invasion
threat to Scandinavia diminishing, the 25th Panzer Division departed Norway
in August 1943 leaving behind about 1,000 men, a panzer battalion and other
equipment that was used to form Panzer Division “Norway.” On 13 July 1944,
Panzer Brigade “Norway” was organized from those elements of Panzer Division
“Norway” that remained behind after the bulk of the unit transferred to Denmark
for incorporation into the 25th Panzer Division which was undergoing rest
and refit. Oberst Georg Maetschke commanded Panzer Brigade “Norway” from its
initial organization until the end of the war. Additionally, Panzer Battalion
211, an independent unit equipped with French Hotchkiss H39 and Somua S35
“booty” tanks, served in Norway after withdrawing from Finland in late 1944.]
- 1 December
1944-8 May 1945: Staff Officer for Tank Warfare in the General Staff of the
20th Mountain Army in Norway (Generaloberst Dr. jur. Lothar Rendulic and then
General der Gebirgstruppe Franz Böhme from 8 January 1945-8 May 1945).
- 8 May
1945-17 May 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity (transferred from Camp
1 to Island Farm Special Camp 11 on 9 January 1946; transferred to the London
Detention Center on 26 June 1946; returned to Island Farm Special Camp 11
on 19 August 1946; transferred to Camp 186 on 12 May 1948 for repatriation).
Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914): 23 December 1917.
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914): 2 May 1915.
Bar to the Prussian Iron Cross, 2nd Class: 23 September 1939.
Merit Cross, 1st Class with Swords: 30 January 1944.
Merit Cross, 2nd Class with Swords
Military Merit Order, 4th Class with Swords: 26 August 1915.
of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918: 28 December 1934.
Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
Badge in Black – World War II award (Although it is unknown if Generalmajor
Stenglein actually held this badge, it is presumed he was awarded it
for the lung wound he received in action on 1 September 1939.)
Generalmajor Dipl. Ing. Stenglein’s World War I Combat Service
Western Front, 1914-1918
November 1914-24 November 1914: Battle of Ypres.
November 1914-19 December 1914: Positional combat in Flanders.
March 1915-9 October 1915: Positional combat on the Somme.
October 1915-13 October 1915: Autumn Battle of La Bassée and Arras.
October 1915-25 December 1915: Positional combat in Artois.
March 1916-17 July 1916: Combat between the Maas and the Mosel.
July 1916-2 September 1916: Positional combat on the Somme.
September 1916-2 May 1917: Positional combat in French Flanders.
May 1917-20 May 1917: Spring Battle of Arras.
May 1917-7 July 1917: Positional combat in Artois.
June 1917: Engagement at Oppy.
July 1917-6 August 1917: Service stay in the Western War Zone.
August 1917-17 September 1917: Summer
Battle of Flanders.
September 1917-3 December 1917: Autumn Battle of Flanders.
December 1917-27 February 1918: Positional combat in French Flanders.
February 1918-20 March 1918: Deployment for the Great Battle in France.
March 1918-25 March 1918: Great Battle in France (“Ludendorff Offensive”).
March 1918-8 April 1918: Positional combat in French Flanders and Artois.
April 1918-18 April 1918: Battle of Armentières.
April 1918-29 April 1918: Positional combat in French Flanders and Artois.
May 1918-10 May 1918: Positional combat between the Maas and the Mosel.
May 1918-27 June 1918: Positional combat at Richecourt, Limey and Flirey.
June 1918-3 July 1918: Positional combat between the Maas and the Mosel.
July 1918-14 July 1918: Positional combat at Reims.
July 1918-26 July 1918: Defensive combat between Soissons and Reims.
July 1918-3 August 1918: Defensive combat between the Marne and Vesle.
August 1918-25 September 1918: Positional combat at Reims.
September 1918-9 October 1918: Defensive combat in Champagne.
October 1918-12 October 1918: Combat on the “Hunding” Front.
October 1918-15 October 1918: Combat on the Aisne.
October 1918-31 October 1918: Combat on the “Hunding” Front.
November 1918-4 November 1918: Positional combat on the Aisne.
November 1918-11 November 1918: Retreat from the Antwerp-Maas Position.