SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
is a translation of the applicable entries from a copy of Generalleutnant
Koreuber’s original Wehrpass
graciously provided by his son. Despite the best efforts of Shawn, a few of
the handwritten entries relating to the early years of his career include
abbreviations that have proven illegible or misunderstood. These unknown words,
fortunately very few in numbers, have been marked with a line indicating a
NAME: Generalleutnant Fritz Heinrich Karl Hans Koreuber
PW NO: A451661
DATE: 4th May 1945
DATE OF BIRTH: 29 February 1888
PLACE OF BIRTH: Fahlhorst
/ Kreis Teltow
DATE OF DEATH: August
PLACE OF DEATH:
HAIR COLOUR: Brown
EYE COLOUR: Brown
NEXT OF KIN:
Koreuber, Bad Essen bei Osnabrueck, (British Zone)
and Johanna (née Russe) Koreuber.
Wife: Married on 8 December 1941 to Marie (née Meyer) Kapellen (she had
three children from a previous marriage).
In 1943, Fritz and Marie Koreuber had one child of their own.
18 March 1909
3 September 1909
19 November 1909
22 August 1910 (Patent 22 August 1908)
25 February 1915
18 December 1917
1 February 1931
1 June 1934
1 April 1936
als Generalmajor: 1 April 1940
1 January 1941
1 January 1943
Commands & Assignments:
March 1909-30 September 1911: Entered the Army as a Fahnenjunker in Eisenbahn
[Railway]-Regiment Nr.2. [A component of the Verkehrstruppen or
Transport Troops, Eisenbahn-Regiment Nr.2 was one of four railway regiments
in the pre-World War I Prussian Army. In April 1911, a young Saxon Fähnrich
named Max Immelmann joined the regiment after passing out from the Royal
Saxon Cadet Corps. Dissatisfied with military life, Immelmann resigned
from the army in April 1912 to continue his technical studies in Dresden.
Called back to his regiment upon the outbreak of World War I, Immelmann
soon transferred to the Air Service and became a qualified pilot. Between
1 August 1915 and his death in aerial combat on 18 June 1916, Immelmann
scored 15 officially confirmed victories. A legend of military aviation,
Immelmann’s name is still used by modern air forces to describe the fighter
maneuver he pioneered: the “Immelmann Turn.” Whether or not Leutnant Koreuber
actually knew Fähnrich Immelmann during his service in Eisenbahn-Regiment
Nr.2 is a matter of speculation.]
November 1909-6 August 1910: Detached to the Neiße War School.
October 1911-30 September 1913: Transferred to Luftschiffer [Airship]-Bataillon
October 1913-16 February 1914: Transferred to Luftschiffer-Bataillon Nr.5.
February 1914-1 August 1914: Transport Technical Test Commission.
August 1914-21 April 1915: Assigned to the crew of the Army Military Airship
M IV on detached duty to the Imperial German Navy. [First flown on 25
August 1914, the M IV was commissioned
on 16 December 1914 under the command of Hauptmann von Jena with Leutnant
zur See Schüz of the Imperial German Navy as Executive Officer. Although
purchased by the Army and manned primarily by Army personnel, the M IV was ceded to the Imperial German
Navy from the very beginning of its operational life. Initially based
at Biesdorf, the M IV and its
crew transferred to Kiel on 27 December 1914. Over the next several months,
the crew of the M IV flew numerous
security patrols over the Baltic Sea. The airship was deflated and overhauled
from July-August 1915 before finally being decommissioned in Kiel on 3
- 22 April 1915-26 May 1915: Detached to the Radio Telegraph
Course at the Navy Radio Telegraph School.
- 1 April 1915-14 May 1916: Transport Technical Test Commission.
May 1916-25 June 1916: Assigned to the crew of the airship
June 1916-24 June 1917: Assigned to the crew of the Army airship LZ 101. [First flown on 29 June 1916,
the LZ 101, under the command of Hauptmann Victor Gaißert, departed
Germany a month later for the airship base at Jambol in Bulgaria to begin
combat operations over the Balkans. Over the next eight months, the crew
of the LZ 101 flew one reconnaissance mission over the Black Sea
and 11 combat sorties against targets in Romania, Russia and Greece. In
mid-1917, the German Army ceased airship operations in favor of the more
technologically promising use of heavier-than-air bombing aircraft while
the Imperial German Navy took over all further airship employment. The
LZ 101 was permanently retired
from service in September 1917. Many former crewmembers of the Army airships,
including then Hauptmann Fritz Koreuber, transferred to the captive observation
balloon service. (See additional details below.) Note: Victor Gaßiert (5 January 1879-21 March 1945) retired from the
German Army in 1931 as a Generalmajor. Recalled to service in August 1939,
he achieved the rank of Generalleutnant z.V. and held a variety of posts
as district commandant of prisoner of war camps in Germany, France and
on the Eastern Front. After passing into reserve in November 1942, he
again retired from the Army in January 1943.]
June 1917-31 July 1917: Transferred to the Inspectorate of Airship Troops.
September 1917-9 October 1917: Allocated to the Replacement Battalion
of Airship Battalion 2.
October 1917-31 October 1917: Balloon Platoon Group ______.
November 1917-21 November 1917: ______ Airship
November 1917-14 January 1918: ______ Airship
January 1918-12 February 1918: Balloon Platoon 114.
February 1918-25 April 1918: Field Airship Battalion 18.
April 1918-23 October 1918: Transferred to the Inspectorate of Airship
October 1918-12 November 1918: Airship Experimental Battalion.
October 1919-18 November 1919: Defense (Abwehr) Office/Inspectorate
of Airship Troops.
November 1919-13 December 1919: Inspectorate ______.
December 1919-31 December 1919: Reichswehr Balloon Platoon 1.
January 1920-14 November 1920: Reichswehr Artillery Regiment 1.
November 1920-3 August 1922: Transferred to the regimental staff of Artillery
August 1922-31 March 1924: Transferred to Infantry Regiment 3.
April 1924-31 March 1927: Transferred to Motorized Battalion 5.
April 1927-31 August 1927: Transferred to Infantry Regiment 13.
September 1927-30 November 1927: Detached as a Rittmeister to Reiter [Mounted]-Regiment
December 1927-30 November 1930: Chief of the 2nd Company (Württemberg)
of Motorized Battalion 5.
December 1930-30 April 1933: Transferred to Medical Battalion 5.
May 1933-29 February 1934: Transferred to Transport Battalion 5.
March 1934-14 October 1935: Transferred to Motorized Battalion 3.
October 1935-26 August 1939: Transferred to Motor Transport Equipment Inspectorate I.
August 1939-9 September 1939: Army High Command Leader Reserve.
September 1939-3 October 1939: Assigned to the staff of the 2nd Panzer
Division. [Commanded by Generalleutnant Rudolf Veiel, the 2nd Panzer Division took part in the invasion of Poland
in September 1939 as a component of Army Group South. (See additional details below.)]
October 1939-10 November 1939: Army High Command Leader Reserve.
November 1939-31 January 1940: Commandant of Zossen.
February 1940-30 April 1940: Special Staff K (Kraftfahr = Motor Transport)
of the Army High Command/Office Group K.
May 1940-15 March 1941: Chief Motor Transport Officer of the 6th Army.
[Commanded by Generaloberst (promoted Generalfeldmarschall on 19 July
1940) Walter von Reichenau, the 6th Army took part in
the invasion of the Low Countries and France in May-June 1940. During
the first phase of the campaign, the 6th Army advanced against elements
of the Dutch, Belgian and French armies and, after heavy fighting, captured
Brussels on 17 May 1940. After tearing a fatal hole between the Belgians
and the British Expeditionary Force, Generaloberst
von Reichenau accepted
the surrender of King Leopold III of Belgium and his army on 28 May 1940.
During the second phase of the campaign, the 6th Army wheeled south and,
after crossing the Marne and the Cher rivers, captured Orleans. Following the Western Campaign, the 6th Army concentrated on
the Cherbourg peninsula in preparation for Operation “Seelöwe” (Sea Lion)—the
planned invasion of Great Britain. While the main landings were tasked
to the 16th Army (Generaloberst Ernst Busch) and the 9th Army (Generaloberst Adolf Strauß) respectively, the 6th Army remained on alert and, if feasible,
would land in Lyme Bay between Weymouth and Lyme Regis. After the cancellation
of Operation “Seelöwe,” the 6th Army remained in France for the next several
months performing coastal defense and routine occupation and training
duties. (See additional details
March 1941-25 February 1943: Commandant of the Zossen Troop Training Area
in Wehrkreis [Military District] III.
February 1943-30 November 1943: Garrison Commandant of Vitebsk, Russia.
December 1943-14 May 1944: Garrison Commandant 282 (Vitebsk, Russia).
May 1944-1 June 1944: Army High Command Leader Reserve.
June 1944-29 April 1945: Commandant of the Zossen Troop Training Area
in Wehrkreis III.
April 1945: Separated from the Army.
1945-17 May 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 9th January
1946 transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp 1
- 12th May 48
transferred to Camp 186 for repatriation.
Actual Release Papers showing Koreuber going through
Transit Camp 1 which we believe was in Harwich
Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914): 14 January 1917.
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914): 26 June 1915.
Bar to the Prussian Iron Cross, 2nd Class: 17 June 1940.
Merit Cross, 1st Class with Swords: 20 February 1943.
Merit Cross, 2nd Class with Swords: 30 January 1942.
of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918: 29 January 1935.
Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross): 2 October
Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal): 2 October
War Medal (“Iron Crescent”): 16 November 1916.
Bravery Order, 4th Class (1st Grade): 11 May 1917.
Badge for the Crews of Army Airships:
unique and rare badge was instituted in 1920 for award to the officers,
non-commissioned officers and men who manned the German Army airships
on tactical missions during World War I. A similar badge, but with a
Hohenzollern crown on top, was instituted at the same time for the German
Navy airship veterans. General
der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling, the Battle Commandant of Berlin who
surrendered the city on 2 May 1945, was another recipient of this rarely
Summary of Generalleutnant Fritz Koreuber’s Combat Service
World War I
serving aboard the Army Military Airship M
IV on detached service to the Imperial German Navy, Oberleutnant Koreuber
briefly served aboard the airship LZ 102 before receiving assignment
to the crew of the LZ 101 commanded
by Hauptmann Victor Gaißert. Transferred to the airship base at Jambol in
Bulgaria, the crew of the LZ 101 flew one reconnaissance mission and
11 combat sorties in that theater of operations.
August 1914-31 August 1915: Security patrols with the Navy aboard the
airship M IV.
August 1916: Transfer of the LZ 101 to the Balkans.
August 1916: Reconnaissance over the Black Sea.
August 1916: Attack on Bucharest, Romania
September 1916: Attack on Bucharest and Ploesti (Ploieşti), Romania.
September 1916: Attack on Bucharest, Romania.
October 1916: Attack on Ciulnitza (Ciulnita), Romania.
October 1916: Attack on Fetesti (Feteşti), Romania.
December 1916: Attack on Galatz (Galaţi), Romania.
January 1917: Attack against Odessa, Russia
February 1917: Attack against Mytilene on the Greek island of Lesbos.
February 1917: Attack against Jassy (Iaşi), Romania.
March 1917: Attack on Mudros on the Greek island of Lemnos.
April 1917: Attack against Lemnos.
transferring to the captive balloon troops, Oberleutnant Koreuber served on
the Western Front and took part in the following battles in 1917-1918:
November 1917-15 November 1917: Positional warfare before Verdun.
November 1917-3 December 1917: Battle in Flanders.
December 1917-15 January 1918: Positional warfare in Flanders.
February 1918-25 April 1918: Positional warfare in the Champagne.
World War II
the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, Oberst Koreuber served on
the staff of the 2d Panzer Division and took part in the following combat
September 1939: Combat at Zamosz.
September 1939: Combat at Kulikow and Zolkiew.
September 1939: Combat at Tomaszow, Narol and Krasnobrod.
September 1939: Combat at Tomaszow-Krasnobrod.
During the German invasion of the Low Countries and France
and the subsequent occupation of France, Generalmajor Koreuber served as the Chief Motor Transport Officer of the 6th Army
and took part in the following actions:
May 1940-9 May 1940: Employed in the operations area of the 6th Army on
the Western Front.
May 1940-31 May 1940: Participated in the breakthrough to the English
Channel as well as the battle in Flanders and Artois.
June 1940-25 June 1940: Participated in the Battle of France.
June 1940-11 July 1940: Participated in the securing of the Demarcation
July 1940-15 March 1941: Participated in coastal defense on the French
Channel and Atlantic coasts.
As the Garrison Commandant of Vitebsk, Russia and later Garrison
Commandant 282, Generalleutnant Koreuber was employed on the Eastern Front
in the operations area of Army Group Center from 26 February 1943-14 May 1944.
Technical Details of Army Military Airship M IV (Groß-Basenach type):
The M IV was a semi-rigid airship of the Groß-Basenach type built
by the Prussian Military Authority. As a pressure airship fitted with
a central keel, the M IV did
not have gas cells. Instead, the gas was stored in a “Ballonet,” an air-filled
compartment inside the main envelope that was kept pressurized by a blower
or other such devices.
Capacity: 688,540 cubic feet of hydrogen in 1 Ballonet
Plant: 3 x Maybach gas engines (enclosed in keel) delivering a total of
45.4 miles per hour
Empty Weight: 30,400 pounds
Useful Lift: 15,620 pounds
Technical Details of Army Airship LZ 101 (Zeppelin Company number LZ
The LZ 101 was one of 12 airships of the “q” class first flown on
21 December 1915.
585’ 7 ½”
61’ 4 ¼”
Capacity: 1,264,260’ 3 of hydrogen in 18 gas cells
Plant: 4 x 240-horsepower (179-k-W) Maybach H-S-Lu gas engines
59.27 miles per hour
Empty Weight: 52,138 pounds
Disposable Load: 39,462 pounds
Gross Lift: 91,601 pounds
Gallery of Photographs from the World War I Album of Generalleutnant Fritz
(These rarely seen photographs of the German Army airship/captive
were graciously provided by the General's son)
CLICK ON ANY OF THE IMAGES TO ENLARGE
young Fritz Koreuber with a fellow member of Eisenbahn-Regiment Nr.2
identified only as Starke.
Koreuber served aboard the Army Military Airship M IV (pictured
here in 1914) from 2 August 1914-21 April 1915.
crew of the Army Military Airship M IV poses with their ship.
crew of the Army Military Airship M IV poses with their ship.
and non-commissioned officers of the crew of the Army Military Airship
M IV pose for a formal portrait in mid-1915.
and Bulgarian officers celebrate the birthday of Kaiser Wilhelm II with
a song and some horseplay at Jambol, Bulgaria on 27 January 1917.
and Bulgarian officers celebrate the birthday of Czar Ferdinand I of
Bulgaria at Jambol, Bulgaria on 27 February 1917.
Army airship crew members fire a machinegun during a ground practice
Army airship crew members fire a machinegun during a ground practice
and men of the German Army airship detachment bow their heads while
a chaplain conducts a memorial or church service inside the giant airship
shed at Jambol, Bulgaria.
Fritz Koreuber (second from right) attending captive balloon observer
training at the Field Airship School in Courland, 1917.
view of the captive balloon observer training at the Field Airship School
in Courland, 1917.