SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
PW NO: 18879
CAPTURED: Boulogne, France
DATE: 23 September
DATE OF BIRTH:
27 February 1895
PLACE OF BIRTH: Reutlingen
DATE OF DEATH: 14 November
PLACE OF DEATH: Ulm am Donau
OCCUPATION: Regular Soldier
NEXT OF KIN:
24 June 1914
10 October 1914
10 November 1914
25 February 1915 (Patent 23 June 1913)
18 October 1918
1 February 1928
1 August 1934
1 March 1937 (RDA later changed to 1 October 1936)
1 August 1939
1 February 1942 (Patent 1 April 1942)
1 November 1942
June 1914: Entered Army service as a Fahnenjunker in Feld-Artillerie-Regiment
König Karl (1. Württembergisches) Nr. 13.
August 1914: With the 2nd Battery of Field Artillery Regiment 13 in the
February 1915-10 March 1915: Detached to the Officer Training Course in
March 1915: Transferred to the 4th Battery of Field Artillery Regiment
May 1916: Battalion Adjutant in the Inspectorate of Field Artillery Replacement
Battalions in Ludwigsburg.
June 1916: With the I. Battalion of Reserve Field Artillery Regiment 27
in the field.
June 1916: Transferred to the regimental staff of Reserve Field Artillery
February 1917: Adjutant of the I. Battalion of Reserve Field Artillery
June 1918: Regimental Adjutant of Reserve Field Artillery Regiment 27.
January 1919: Transferred to the II. Battalion of Field Artillery Regiment
March 1919: Adjutant of the Field Artillery Battalion of the 1st Minenwerfer
July 1919: Regimental Adjutant of Reichswehr Artillery Regiment 13.
September 1920: Adjutant of the I. Battalion of Reichswehr Artillery Regiment
January 1921: Adjutant of the III. Battalion of Artillery Regiment 5.
September 1921: Transferred to the 9th Battery of Artillery Regiment 5.
October 1921: Detached to Leader Assistant training with the staff of
the 5th Division.
October 1922: Transferred back to Artillery Regiment 5.
October 1923: Detached to Leader Assistant training with the staff of
Wehrkreis [Military District] Command V, Stuttgart.
May 1926-7 July 1926: Detached to the Artillery Firing Course in Königsbrück.
October 1927: Transferred to the Reich Defense Ministry.
June 1928-30 June 1928: Detached to the 3rd Cavalry Division.
August 1928-25 August 1928: Detached to the 7th Signals Battalion.
August 1928-30 September 1928: Detached to Cavalry Regiment 5.
October 1928: Transferred to Artillery Regiment 5 and, at the same time,
detached to the Reich Defense Ministry/Army Department (T1), carried the
Uniform of a Leadership Staff Officer.
April 1930: Transferred to the Reich Defense Ministry/Army Department
April 1932: Chief of the 4th Battery of Artillery Regiment 5.
September 1932-28 October 1932: Detached to the Firing Course for Artillery
Officers in Jüterbog.
July 1933: Detached as an Instructor at the Infantry School.
September 1934: Officer for Special Employment to the Chief of the Army
Command, detached as an Instructor at the secret War Academy.
May 1935: Instructor at the War Academy.
March 1937: Transferred into the General Staff of the Army.
November 1938: Operations Officer (Ia) in the General Staff of the XVI
Army Corps (Motorized).
August 1939: Chief of the General Staff of the XVI Army Corps (Motorized).
[Heim’s corps took part in the invasion of Poland in 1939.]
February 1940: Department Chief in the General Staff of the Army.
September 1940-15 May 1942: Chief of the General Staff of the 6th Army.
[Commanded by Generalfeldmarschall Walther von Reichenau, the 6th Army
was concentrated on the Cherbourg Peninsula following the surrender of
France when Heim joined its General Staff. The army remained on alert
for Operation “Seelöwe” (Sea Lion), the proposed invasion of Great Britain.
Although the operation was never carried out, the 6th Army had been tentatively
assigned landing zones in Lyme Bay between Weymouth and Lyme Regis. Transferred
to the east, the 6th Army next took part in the invasion of the Soviet
Union on 22 June 1941 as a component of Army Group South. Upon von Reichenau’s
elevation to Commander-in-Chief of Army Group South in January 1942, he
handed over leadership of the 6th Army to his old comrade and former chief
of staff, General der Panzertruppe (later Generalfeldmarschall) Friedrich
May 1942: Führer Reserve in the Army High Command.
June 1942: Detached to the Panzer Troop School and to the School for Motorized
Troops in Krampnitz.
July 1942: Commander of the 14th Panzer Division in Russia.
November 1942: Delegated with the leadership of the XXXXVIII Panzer Corps
in Russia. [On 14 November 1942, Heim’s corps began assembling in the
rear of the Romanian 3rd Army to bolster its defenses in view of evidence
of an imminent Soviet offensive. Composed of only 180 serviceable tanks,
Heim’s weak corps comprised the 14th Panzer Division (36 tanks), the 22nd
Panzer Division (41 tanks many of which were unreliable from mice chewing
through electrical wiring!) and the Romanian 1st Armored Division (103
tanks including 84 woefully inadequate R-2 light tanks). On 19 November
1942, the Soviet Southwestern Front attacked the Romanian 3rd Army and,
despite pockets of determined resistance, smashed through and streamed
deep into the Romanian rear areas. Heims’ corps counterattacked but, instead
of attacking en masse, he received orders to divert the Romanian 1st Armored
Division while it was already on the move. Heims’ counterattack was thus
dislocated from the start and failed to contain the Soviet breakthrough
which resulted in the encirclement and subsequent destruction of the German
6th Army at Stalingrad.]
November 1942: Führer Reserve in the Army High Command – arrested on Hitler’s
orders and placed in solitary confinement in Moabit for the failure of
his corps to halt the Soviet counteroffensive that led to the encirclement
of the German 6th Army at Stalingrad. General der Infanterie Rudolf Schmundt,
the Chief Armed Forces Adjutant to Hitler and Chief of the Army Personnel
Office, wrote in his diary: “The Führer [Hitler] himself will decide on
all further measures of military discipline in this matter.”
1943: Released from imprisonment into a hospital.
1943: Hitler reversed his decision to expel Heim from the Army and he
was allowed to retire instead.
August 1943: Retired from the Army.
August 1944: Again, reactivated in the Army.
August 1944-23 September 1944: Fortress Commandant Boulogne, France. [Following
the Allied breakout from Normandy, the Canadian 1st Army cleared the Pas-de-Calais
region of France and liberated the Channel ports of Le Havre, Dieppe,
Boulogne, and Calais. The German garrison of Boulogne, commanded by Heim,
surrendered to the Canadians on 23 September 1944. The capture of Boulogne
and Calais ended operation of the huge German naval cannons mounted in
concrete casemates on the cliffs at Cape Gris Nez. The guns had been used
to bombard the Channel and south coast ports of England.]
Canadian soldiers examine one of the 12-inch (305mm)
guns of Battery "Friedrich August" after its capture in September
1944. Located near the town of La Tresorerie north of Boulogne, this
battery consisted of three 12-inch guns mounted in concrete casemates
manned by Naval Artillery Battalion 240.
September 1944 - May 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 28 September 1944 transferred to Trent Park Camp 11 sorting camp.
from Camp 18 to Island Farm Camp 11 (date unknown)
- 12 May 1948
transferred to Camp 186 for repatriation
Cross of the Iron Cross: 30 August 1942, Generalmajor, Commander of the
14th Panzer Division in Russia.
Cross in Gold: 26 January 1942, Oberst i.G., Chief of the General Staff
of the 6th Army in Russia.
Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
Gold Military Merit Medal
General Honor Decoration, “for Bravery”
- Cross of Honor for
- Armed Forces Long
Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
- Armed Forces Long
Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
- Medal for the Winter
Campaign in Russia 1941/1942 (“East Medal”)