SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
NAME: Generalleutnant Ernst-August Roth (Luftwaffe)
PW NO: A967279
DATE: 23rd July 45
DATE OF BIRTH: 19
PLACE OF BIRTH: Potsdam
DATE OF DEATH: 26
PLACE OF DEATH: Ahrensburg
OCCUPATION: Regular Air
EYE COLOUR: Grey Blue
NEXT OF KIN: Berta
Roth, Nottensdorf, Horneburg. bei v Bargenn (British Zone)
3 January 1916
zur See: 12 October 1916
zur See: 17 March 1918
zur See: 1 April 1922
als Kapitänleutnant: 31 March 1928
1 January 1934
3 January 1934
1 January 1935
1 March 1937
1 June 1939
1 August 1942
1 January 1945
January 1916: Entered the Imperial German Navy as a Sea Cadet.
January 1916-May 1916: Training at the Naval School Mürwick and Sea Cadet
aboard the school ship Freya.
1916-21 September 1917: Sea Cadet aboard the pre-dreadnought battleship
Preußen, training course and flight training.
September 1917-13 December 1918: Pilot in the II. Seeflieger-Abteilung
[Naval Flying Detachment].
December 1918-1 February 1919: Company Leader in the XII. Matrosen-Artillery
February 1919-20 February 1922: First Watch Officer on minesweepers.
February 1922-22 September 1924: Platoon Officer in Coast Defense Detachment
September 1924-14 September 1926: Flying Consultant on the staff of the
North Sea Naval Station.
September 1926-1 February 1927: Specialist for the Naval Air Arm at the
disarmament conference in Genf.
February 1927-31 March 1927: Flying Consultant on the staff of the North
Sea Naval Station.
April 1927-27 September 1927: Company Officer in the North Sea Schiffsstamm
September 1927-31 March 1928: Watch Officer aboard the pre-dreadnought
March 1928: Separated from the Navy with the rank of Honorary Kapitänleutnant.
April 1928-15 November 1931: Employed by the Navy as Chief Pilot and Department
Leader at the Travemünde Testing Area for the Reich Association of the
German Aviation Industry (cover name for a Navy Service Center).
November 1931-31 December 1933: Employed by the Navy as an Air Defense
Consultant in the Navy Command.
January 1934: Reactivated in the Navy with the rank of Kapitänleutnant.
January 1934: Transferred from the Navy to the Luftwaffe with the rank
January 1934-9 July 1936: Consultant and Department Leader for Land and
Sea Ground Organization/Reich Air Ministry and, at the same time, detached
to Luftkreis [Air District] Command VI (Sea).
July 1936-30 September 1937: Commander of Coastal Flying School Sea, Parow.
October 1937-31 March 1939: Commander of Coastal Flying School 106.
April 1939-31 July 1940: Chief of Staff of the Luftwaffe General to the
Commander-in-Chief of the Navy.
1940-June 1940: At the same time, Air Transport Chief of the X. Fliegerkorps
[Air Corps]. [Commanded by Generalleutnant Hans Geisler, this air corps
played a leading role in “Weserübung”
(Weser Exercise), the invasion of Denmark and Norway in April-May 1940.
Equipped with over 500 transport aircraft, the air corps conducted the
first mass airlift in history when it dropped paratroops (also for the
first time in history) to seize vital airfields and bridges in Denmark
and Norway and transported Army infantry, staff personnel, and other service
and supply troops to their objectives.]
August 1940-21 December 1940: Commander of Kampfgeschwader [Bomber Wing]
40. [Based at Bordeaux-Merignac, France, this wing was equipped with Heinkel
He 111 bombers.]
December 1940-1 December 1941: Commander of Kampfgeschwader 28. [Equipped
with Heinkel He 111 bombers, this wing was based at Nantes, France, until
transferred to the Eastern Front in July 1941. The wing was headquartered
at three locations in Russia: Brest-Litovsk in July 1941, Bobruisk in
August 1941, and Setschinskaja in October 1941.]
December 1941-10 December 1941: Commander of Kampfgeschwader 26. [Equipped
with Heinkel He 111 bombers, this wing was based at Beauvais, France,
until transferred to Aalborg-West, Denmark, in February 1942.]
December 1941-12 January 1942: Air Leader Sicily.
January 1942-10 February 1943: Commander of Kampfgeschwader 26. [Equipped
with Heinkel He 111 torpedo bombers, this wing was based in Denmark at
Aalborg-West until transferred to Stavanger-Sola in Norway in March 1942.
The wing took part in anti-shipping strikes against the Arctic
convoys sailing to and from Murmansk and Archangel, Russia. In
November 1942, the wing transferred to Grosseto, Italy.]
February 1943-18 April 1944: Air Leader Lofoten/Kirkenes, Norway.
April 1944-18 August 1944: Air Leader 5, Drontheim, Norway.
August 1944-10 October 1944: Führer Reserve in the Luftwaffe High Command
and General for Special Employment in Luftgau [Air Zone] Commands VII
- 10 October 1944-9 June 1945: Commanding General of the Luftwaffe in
Norway. [Despite Roth’s rather impressive duty title, the Luftwaffe
in Norway remained but a shadow of its former self by the end of World
War II. As of 9 April 1945, the Luftwaffe in Norway could muster only
about 140 combat and transport aircraft of which only about 100 were serviceable.
The bulk of Luftwaffe forces in Norway consisted of antiaircraft and service
and support troops as well as the 14th Field Division (Luftwaffe) which
was under Army control.]
June 1945-15 March 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 9th January
1946 transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp 1
- 10th November
1947 transferred to 2 WCHC Fishhack (from Hamburg)
- 8th December
1947 to Adelheide
& Awards (included):
Cross of the Iron Cross: 6 November 1943, Generalmajor, Air Leader North
Cross in Gold: 17 November 1941, Oberst, Commander of Kampfgeschwader
Cross, 1st Class (1939)
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918
Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
Navy Pilot’s Badge – World War I award
Badge for Naval Flyers
The following drawings made by GL Roth, were gratiously provided
by the grandson who told me:
A Roth was a life-long smoker and died of a massive heart attack
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