NAME: Generalleutnant Edgar Feuchtinger
PW NO: B33407
DATE: 29 May 1945
DATE OF BIRTH: 9
PLACE OF BIRTH: Metz
DATE OF DEATH: 21 January 1960
PLACE OF DEATH: Krefeld
(owner of a publishing house)
HAIR COLOUR: Dark Brown
EYE COLOUR: Brown
NEXT OF KIN: Edith Feuchtinger,
Hamburg (British Zone)
7 August 1914
(without Patent): 18 August 1915
October 1917 – Patent 19 December 1915; RDA later established at 19
December 1915 (47)
1 April 1925 (26)
1 November 1929 (1)
1 November 1935 (1)
1 August 1938 (18)
1 August 1941 (14)
1 August 1943 (22)
1 August 1944 (3b)
Commands & Assignments:
August 1914: Entered the Army as a Fahnenjunker in the Badisches Fußartillerie-Regiment
April 1916: Transferred to the Replacement Battalion of Foot Artillery
May 1917: Returned to Foot Artillery Regiment 14 in the field.
September 1917: Transferred to Foot Artillery Regiment 212.
March 1919: Transferred to Reichswehr Artillery Regiment 13.
October 1920: Transferred to Schützen [Rifle]-Regiment 25.
January 1921: Transferred to the 13th (Württemberg) Infantry Regiment.
October 1921: Transferred to the 5th Artillery Regiment.
October 1924: Transferred to the 2nd (Prussian) Artillery Regiment.
February 1929: Battery Chief in the 7th (Bavarian) Artillery Regiment.
October 1934: Battery Chief in Artillery Regiment “Amberg.”
January 1935: Instructor in Training Staff A at the Artillery School
October 1937: Commander of the III. Battalion of Artillery Regiment
26 of the 26th Infantry Division.
August 1939: Commander of Artillery Regiment 227 of the 227th Infantry
Division. [Formed primarily from personnel of the Landwehr, the division
took part in the invasion of Belgium and France in May-June 1940. After
serving in northern France as part of the occupation force from July
1940-October 1941, the division transferred to the Eastern Front where
it fought as a component of Army Group North.]
August 1942: Army High Command Leader Reserve. [On 27 November 1942,
Oberst Feuchtinger commanded Battle Group A, one of four battle groups
comprising the German assault force for Operation “Lila,” the occupation
of Toulon and the attempted seizure of the French fleet lying in the
port. Battle Group A consisted of elements of the 10th Panzer Division
(Panzer Grenadier Regiment 69, the I. Battalion of Panzer Artillery
Regiment 90, the 2nd Company of Panzer Pioneer Battalion 49, and Anti-Tank
Battalion 90) plus two army reserve units (Artillery Regiment 2 and
Flak Regiment 69) and a 30-man naval commando unit. The other three
battle groups consisted of Battle Group B (Oberstleutnant Wolfgang Glaesemer)
– elements of the 7th Panzer Division plus about 400 naval personnel;
Battle Group C (Oberstleutnant Friedrich-Karl von Steinkeller) – elements
of the 7th Panzer Division; Battle Group D (SS‑Sturmbannführer
Jakob Fick) – SS-Motorcycle Battalion “Langemarck.” Additionally, Battle
Group “Brenner” commanded by SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS
Karl Brenner, followed Battle Group A to occupy the area surrounding
Sanary to the west of Toulon. For further information on this operation,
refer to the profile of General der Artillerie Anton-Reichard Freiherr von Mauchenheim genannt Bechtolsheim.]
April 1943: Commander of the Schnellen Brigade West. [Feuchtinger commanded
a brigade-sized formation in France known variously as (Armored) Artillery
Brigade West (931), Schnellen Brigade West, and Schnellen Brigade 931.
This formation served as the initial cadre around which a new 21st Panzer
Division was built after that unit was destroyed in North Africa.]
July 1943: Delegated with the leadership of the 21st Panzer Division
August 1943: Commander of the 21st Panzer Division in France. [On 6
June 1944, the 21st Panzer Division (98 Pz IV long-barreled tanks and
six obsolete Pz IV short-barreled tanks and 16,297 personnel) was the
only German armored division in the immediate vicinity of the Allied
landing beaches in Normandy. Confusion reigned as Feuchtinger was not
at divisional headquarters but in Paris. The lack of firm leadership
combined with the total Allied air and sea superiority, all contributed
to the 21st Panzer Division making a sluggish and ultimately unsuccessful
counterattack against the Anglo-Canadian beachheads on the morning of
the Allied D‑Day landings.]
January 1945: Arrested and imprisoned at Torgau Fortress to face a court
martial regarding his absence from divisional headquarters on the night
of 5/6 June 1944. [Indeed, when word of the court martial arrived on
Christmas Eve 1944, the 21st Panzer Division was engaged in heavy combat
at Saarlautern and Feuchtinger, again, was not with his unit but at
home in Germany!]
1945: Sentenced to death and reduced in grade to the rank of Kanonier,
a private in the artillery.
March 1945: Pardoned and transferred to the 20th Panzer Grenadier Division
as a Kanonier; however, Feuchtinger disobeyed the order and fled to
May 1945-1947: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 9 January 1946: Transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp
- 17 December 1946: Transferred to the London District Cage (LDC) from
Island Farm Special Camp 11 for onward routing to the U.S. Historical
Section Allendorf on loan (W.O. Auth. UM/M/3616/PW1).
- 7 August 1947: Transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from the
- 23 August 1947: Transferred to Wuppertal Jail from Island Farm Special
May 1944, Oberst Hans von Luck received assignment to the 21st Panzer Division
as commander of its Panzer Grenadier Regiment 125. In his memoirs, Panzer
Commander, von Luck described his divisional commander:
Edgar Feuchtinger, an artilleryman, had no combat experience [in
World War II], and none at all of panzer units. He had become known
in Germany as the organizer of the military part of the so-called
the national Party rallies, and through that was very familiar with
Hitler and the Party apparatus.
was a live and let live person. He was fond of all the good things
of life, for which Paris was a natural attraction. Knowing that
he had no combat experience or knowledge of tank warfare, Feuchtinger
had to delegate most things, that is, leave the execution of orders
to us experienced commanders.
von Luck recorded his reaction to Feuchtinger’s court martial in his memoirs:
I too hold to the saying de mortuis nil nisi bene (“of the
dead say nothing but good”), when I think of our brave men, who
fought so brilliantly, and of the thousands of dead, wounded, and
missing…I cannot help reproaching Feuchtinger with having done us
all poor service.
Decorations & Awards:
Cross of the Iron Cross: 6 August 1944, Generalmajor, Commander of the
21st Panzer Division.
Cross in Silver: 15 July 1943, Oberst, Commander of (Armored) Artillery
Brigade West (931).
Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914) with 1939 Clasp
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Clasp
Merit Cross, 1st Class with Swords
Merit Cross, 2nd Class with Swords
Order of the Zähringer Lion, Knight 2nd Class with Swords
Friedrich Order, Knight 2nd Class with Swords
of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918
- Armed Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
Bronze Bravery Medal
Dermot; Hildebrand, Karl-Friedrich; Rövekamp, Markus. Die Generale
des Heeres, 1921-1945, Band 3 (Dahlmann-Fitzlaff). Biblio Verlag,
Osnabrück, Germany, 1994.
Hans von. Panzer Commander. Dell Publishing, New York, New York,
Jean Paul. “The French Navy at Toulon,” After
the Battle, Number 76 (1992), pp. 1-29.
of War File Card for Generalleutnant Edgar Feuchtinger prepared by Captain
Edward “Ted” Lees, camp intelligence officer and interrogator, Island
Farm Special Camp 11.