SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
profile is based on a copy of Tittel’s microfilmed service record housed
at the United States National Archives and Records Administration in Washington,
der Artillerie Hermann Karl Richard Eugen Tittel
PW NO: B33416
RANK: General der Artillerie
CAPTURED: Oslo, Norway
DATE: 29 July 1946
OF BIRTH: 12 November 1888
PLACE OF BIRTH: Lichte/Kreis Königsee/Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
DATE OF DEATH: 22 August 1959
PLACE OF DEATH:
OCCUPATION: Regular Soldier
HAIR COLOUR: White
EYE COLOUR: Blue-Grey
NEXT OF KIN:
Parents: Hilmar and Johanna (née Hölterhoff) Tittel.
Married Louisa Krauser (born 13 February 1891) on 11 March 1911 in Darmstadt
– one son and two daughters. Following the death of his first wife, Hermann
Tittel married Anneliese Cordes on 18 December 1944.
27 February 1908
13 June 1908
20 August 1908
18 October 1908 (R2r)
19 August 1909 – Patent 17 August 1907 (Y)
27 January 1915 (L47l)
25 November 1916 (C4c) – RDA later changed to 25 November 1916 (15)
1 February 1930 (11)
1 February 1934 (8)
1 December 1935 (3)
1 October 1939 (7)
1 September 1941 (5)
der Artillerie: 1 September 1943 (1)
Commands & Assignments:
Attended Volksschule (Elementary School) in Coburg.
Attended Gymnasium (High School) in Coburg.
Attended Realgymnasium in Darmstadt; attained his certificate of graduation
from that institution.
February 1908: Entered the Army as a Fahnenjunker in the Fußartillerie-Regiment
General-Feldzeugmeister (Brandenburgisches) Nr.3.
October 1908-26 June 1909: Detached to the Anclam War School.
October 1912-15 July 1913: Detached to the Military Technical Academy.
October 1913-30 September 1915: Regimental Adjutant of Foot Artillery Regiment
October 1914-18 November 1914: At the same time, detached as Adjutant of the
Artillery Commander of the XXVI Reserve Corps (Staff of Foot Artillery Regiment
September 1915: Adjutant of the General of Foot Artillery No. 4.
November 1916: Transferred to Foot Artillery Battery 114.
November 1916: Leader of Foot Artillery Battery 114.
March 1917: Transferred into the General Staff of the XXV Reserve Army Corps.
May 1917-11 May 1917: Detached to the Assault Course of Army Group “Archduke
Joseph” (Generaloberst Archduke Joseph of Austria).
June 1917-30 June 1917: Detached as a Company Leader to Infantry Regiment
256 of the 218th Infantry Division.
August 1917: Transferred to a General Staff position in the Guard Replacement
November 1917-17 November 1917: Detached to the Signals School in Namur.
November 1917-8 December 1917: Detached to a training course in Sedan.
December 1917-17 December 1917: Detached to the 6th Guard Infantry Regiment.
December 1917-22 December 1917: Detached to the Artillery Measuring School
January 1918: Detached for four weeks to the General Staff Course in Sedan.
February 1918: Transferred into the Army General Staff.
March 1918: Transferred to the Officer of the Army and allocated to the High
Command of Army Group “Duke Albrecht of Württemberg” (Generalfeldmarschall
Duke Albrecht of Württemberg).
March 1918: Detached to the Division Command for Special Employment 310.
April 1918: Allocated to the 4th Cavalry Division.
April 1918: Allocated to Group “Weiler” (General Command of the Bavarian XV
Reserve Army Corps).
June 1918-22 June 1918: Detached to deputize as the 1st General Staff Officer
of the 61st Landwehr Brigade.
October 1918: Detached as Quartermaster to Group “Heiligblasien” (VII Army
November 1918: Entered the General Command of the VII Army Corps as a General
October 1923: Transferred to the staff of the III. Battalion of the 5th Artillery
April 1924-5 June 1924: Detached to the Firing Course for Artillery Officers
October 1924: Leader of the 7th Battery of the 5th Artillery Regiment, Ludwigsburg.
October 1924: Transferred to the staff of the 5th Artillery Regiment, Fulda.
April 1925: Chief of the 7th Battery of the 5th Artillery Regiment, Ludwigsburg.
March 1928: Detached to the Course for Physical Education in Wünsdorf.
May 1928: Transferred to the staff of Artillery Leader IV, Dresden.
October 1930: Detached to the Artillery School in Jüterbog.
February 1932: Transferred to the 4th Artillery Regiment, Dresden.
October 1933: Commander of the III. Battalion of the 1st (Prussian) Artillery
October 1934: Commander of the III. Battalion of Artillery Regiment “Allenstein.”
April 1935: Commander of Artillery Regiment “Jüterbog.”
October 1935: Commander of the Artillery Demonstration Regiment, Jüterbog.
April 1938: Artillery Commander (Arko) 16 – carried the Uniform of Artillery
August 1939 1938-29 September 1941: Commander of the 69th Infantry Division.
[On 9 April 1940, the 69th Infantry Division took part in Operation “Weserübung”
(Weser Exercise), the invasion of Norway, as a component of General der Infanterie
(later Generaloberst) Nikolaus von Falkenhorst’s Army Group XXI. The bulk
of the division captured Stavanger, Bergen and Egersund by sea and air landings,
while the remaining elements of the 69th Infantry Division landed at Oslo
after that city’s capture and advanced through southern and central Norway
(see details below). Following
the campaign, the division remained in Norway as part of the German occupation
force commanded by Generaloberst von Falkenhorst.]
Photo Courtesy of: Yngve Nedrebø
September 1941-11 October 1941: Delegated with the leadership of the 169th
Infantry Division in Finland for the duration of the illness of the divisional
commander (Generalmajor Kurt Dittmar). [On 1 July 1941, the German Higher
Command for Special Employment XXXVI commanded by General der Kavallerie z.V.
Hans Feige consisting of the 169th Infantry Division (Dittmar) and SS-Battle
Group “Nord” (SS-Brigadeführer Karl-Maria Demelhuber) plus the attached Finnish 6th Division (Colonel Verner August Viikla) launched Operation “Polarfuchs”
(Polar Fox), an attack against Russia from Finland with the objective of cutting
the Murmansk Railroad at Kandalaksha. During hard fighting in which portions
of SS-Division “Nord” broke and ran, the corps captured Salla and Aalakurtti
but ground to a halt in mid-September 1941 about 22 miles short of its objective.
The corps made no further gains and dug in along the Verman River. After succeeding
Generalmajor Dittmar who was evacuated from Finland due to illness, Tittel
led the 169th Infantry Division on this static and largely quiet front for
the next 22 months.]
who was a member of 169th Infantry Division -Awarded Iron Cross by Tittel.Oswald
Bramowksi was MIA (missing in action) in July 1944 and was born in today's
Poland in Ruda
of: Michal Kuligowski
was awarded Iron Cross 2nd Class 9th October 1942
Citation signed by Tittel
Courtesy of: Michal Kuligowski
October 1941-22 June 1943: Commander of the 169th Infantry Division in Finland.
June 1943-1 September 1943: Delegated with the leadership of the LXX Army
Corps in Norway.
September 1943-9 May 1945: Commanding General of the LXX Army Corps in Norway.
[Headquartered at Lillestrøm, east of Oslo, the LXX Army Corps served as a
component of General der Gebirgstruppe Franz Böhme’s 20th Mountain Army and
the primary German occupation force in southern Norway. At the time of the
German surrender, Tittel’s corps controlled the following formations: the
280th Infantry Division (Generalleutnant
Johann de Boer), the 274th Infantry Division (Generalleutnant Kurt Weckmann) and Division Nr. 613 (Generalmajor Adrian Freiherr van der Hoop).
July 1946-17 May 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity (transferred from the London Detention Center to Island Farm Special Camp 11 on
19 August 1946; transferred to Camp 186 on 12 May 1948 for repatriation).
Cross in Gold: 9 March 1945, General der Artillerie, Commanding General of
the LXX Army Corps.
Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914): 26 April 1916.
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914): 27 October 1914.
Bar to the Prussian Iron Cross, 1st Class
Bar to the Prussian Iron Cross, 2nd Class
Friedrich Order, Knight 2nd Class with Swords: 25 February 1915.
Honor Cross, 3rd Class with Swords: 7 April 1915.
of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918: 20 January 1935.
Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
Military Merit Cross, 3rd Class with War Decoration: 22 September 1917.
War Medal (“Iron Crescent”): 18 November 1917.
Bravery Order, 4th Class (1st Grade): February 1918.
Order of the Yugoslavian Crown, 3rd Class: 1 December 1938.
Order of the Cross of Liberty, 1st Class with Swords: 7 May 1942.
General der Artillerie Tittel’s World War I Combat Service
Western Front, 1914-1915
August 1914: Battle of Neufchâteau.
August 1914: Battle on the Maas.
August 1914-5 September 1914: Breakthrough from the Maas to the Marne.
September 1914: Battle on the Marne.
September 1914-10 October 1914: Positional combat in Champagne.
October 1914-30 November 1914: Battle on the Yser.
- 1 December
1914-21 April 1915: Positional combat on the Yser.
April 1915-5 May 1915: Combat on the Ypern.
May 1915-3 November 1915: Positional combat on the Yser.
Macedonian Front, 1915-1916
November 1915-28 February 1916: Positional combat between Lake Ochrida (Ohrid)
and Dudica, a small town in the mountains west of Ljumnica and north of Nonte
on the present-day border of Greece and Macedonia.
Eastern Front, 1916-1917
- 3 March
1916-11 June 1916: Positional combat in the “Waldkarpathen,”
the eastern part of the Carpathian Mountains located approximately in present-day
July 1917: Battle of Brzezany, Galicia.
July 1917: Positional combat between Narajowka and Zlota-Lipa, Galicia.
July 1917: Pursuit action in eastern Galicia.
July 1917-2 August 1917: Combat on the Zbrucz River, Galicia.
September 1917: Battle of Riga, Latvia.
Western Front, 1917-1918
- 7 October
1917-29 December 1917: Positional combat before Verdun.
January 1918-20 February 1918: Positional combat before Verdun.
March 1918-11 November 1918: Positional combat in Lorraine and in the Vosges.
November 1918-20 December 1918: Withdrawal from the occupied territories and
the return home.
The 69th Infantry Division and the Invasion of Norway,
of Infantry Regiments 159, 193 and 263, Generalmajor Hermann Tittel’s 69th Infantry
Division was one of six German divisions earmarked for the invasion of Norway
in April 1940. The German Armed Forces High Command tasked the division with
the initial occupation of the Norwegian coast from Nordfjord to Egersund.
9 April 1940, the staff of the 69th Infantry Division and two battalions of
Infantry Regiment 159 (Oberst Christoph Graf zu Stolberg-Stolberg) plus naval
artillery troops totaling 1,900 officers and men were transported to Bergen
by Konteradmiral Hubert Schmundt’s Warship Group 3 (the light cruisers Köln and Königsberg,
the artillery school ship Bremse,
the torpedo boats Leopard and Wolf, five motor torpedo boats or
S-Boats, the S-Boat tender Carl Peters,
and the armed trawlers Schiff 9
[ex-Alteland] and Schiff 18 [ex-Koblenz]). After arriving at Bergen, the Königsberg was hit by Norwegian shore batteries and suffered
damage to her engines (the Bremse
and Carl Peters also suffered damage
in the same action). However, Bergen fell to the German landing troops later
that day. On the following day, British Royal Navy Blackburn Skua fighter/dive-bombers
attacked and sank the Königsberg in Bergen harbor with 500-pound bombs, scoring three
hits and several near misses. This proved to be the first major warship ever
sunk by air attack.
9 April 1940, two battalions of Infantry Regiment 193 (Oberst Karl von Beeren)
were flown by Luftwaffe transport aircraft to Stavanger after paratroopers
of the 3rd Company of Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1 seized Stavanger-Sola airfield.
The regiment’s third battalion arrived by air the next day. On 15 April 1940,
Infantry Regiment 193 began moving by sea and air transport to join Infantry
Regiment 159 fighting at Bergen. Concurrently, Infantry Regiment 355 of Generalmajor
Max Horn’s 214th Infantry Division assumed the occupation of Stavanger from
Oberst von Beeren’s departing regiment.
9 April 1940, Warship Group 6 (four minesweepers) led by Korvettenkapitän
Kurt Thomas transported the 150-man divisional bicycle company to Egersund
where the troops captured the communications cable station.
12 April 1940, the regimental staff and the I. Battalion of Infantry Regiment
236 (Oberst Xaver Adloch) were transported by air to Olso after that city’s
capture. Arriving by air the next day, the other two battalions joined the
regiment at Oslo. Infantry Regiment 236 then fought as a battle group under
Generalleutnant Erwin Engelbrecht’s 163rd Infantry Division in southern and